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Monday, October 09, 2006

National Holidays in Japan

Today, October 9th is a national holiday in Japan. Associated with the "holiday", I introduce all national holidays in Japan.


1.1st, Ganjitus (元日) / New Year’s Day.
Families and relatives gather and spend the day together wishing for good health and future by visiting or praying again Shrine.


The second Monday of January is Seijin no hi (成人の日) / Coming- of-age Day.
The day is a celebration day for people who become 20 years old.


2.11th, Kenkoku Kinenbi (建国記念日) / National Foundation Day.
This day is Japanese foundation day.


3.20th, Shunbun no hi (春分の日) / Vernal Equinox Day.
This day is the day for dead ancestors thinking of them and serve them rice cake and flowers.


4.29th, Midori no hi (緑の日) / Green Day.
This day is the birthday of Emperor, Showa passed away in 1989. People appreciate for the nature and its blessing.


5.3rd, Kenpou Kinenbi (憲法記念日) / Constitution Memorial Day.
This day is celebration day for operation of Japanese constitution.


5.4th, Kokumin no Kyujitsu (国民の休日) / National People’s Day.
When the day is between holidays, the day become a holiday.


5.5th, Kodomo no hi (こどもの日) / Children’s Day.
This day is a festival mainly for boys wishing for good future.


The third Monday of July is Umino hi (海の日) / Marine Day.
This is the day for blessing sea and wishing prosperity of Japan.


9.19th, Keirou no hi (敬老の日) / Respect-for-the Aged Day.
This is a day to respect aged people.


9.23rd, Shubun no hi (秋分の日) / Autumnal Equinox Day.
This day is similar to Vernal equinox Day thinking of dead ancestors.

The second Monday of October is Taiiku no hi (体育の日) / Sports Day.
This day was established associated with the day of Tokyo Olympic day. People do sports on this day.


11.3rd, Bunka no hi (文化の日) / Culture Day.
The day is celebration day to love freedom and peace wishing for development of culture.


11.23rd, Kinrou Kansha no hi (勤労感謝の日) / Labor Thankis-giving Day.
This day is the day respecting and appreciating all labors.


12.23rd, Tennou Tanjoubi (天皇誕生日) / Emperor’s Birthday.
The day is the current Emperor’s birthday.


* If a national holiday is on Sunday, Monday become a substitute day off, and more holidays people can get.

The days with Midori no hi(4/29), Kenpoukinenbi(5/3), Kokumin no Kyujitsu (5/4) and Kodomo no hi(5/5) are called Golden week. Besides, when Saturday and Sunday connect luckily, the Golden week get longer. People go back to parental home or go abroad using this long vacation all at once.

In addtion to Golden week, Bon(a Japanese Buddihist festival held annually in August to honour the dead. August 13th to 15th) can be long holidays. Bon is not a national holiday, but most companies are off in Bon.

These above are all national holidays in Japan. I think the number of national holidays is quite a lot compared with other countries. That’s why Japanese cannot take long vacations??

19 comments:

Amine said...

Thank you so much about this list of holidays, so I can have some trip plans hehehe:)
Well, about Morocco, I think we have more holidays than in Japan, especially that some holidays can take up to 10 days (those are not official holidays like in banks or companies)
In Morocco, there is 2 kinds of holidays: National, and religious (related to Islam)
Here is the list:

NATIONAL HOLIDAYS
January 1: New Year (Gregorian calendar)
January 11: Independence Manifesto
March 3: Throne Day
May 1: Labor Day
May 23: National Day (Amendment of the Constitution)
July 9: Youth Day (King's Birthday)
August 14: Commemoration of Oued Eddahab
August 20: Revolution of the King and the People
November 6: Commemoration of the Green March
November 18: Independence Day

RELIGIOUS HOLIDAYS
They are observed for 2 working days. Since they are based on the Lunar calendar, their dates vary each year and are fixed after the sight of the moon.
1st of Moharram: New Year (Muslim calendar)
12th of Rabi Al Awal: Aid El Mawlid (Birth of the Prophet Mohamed)
1st of Shawwal: Aid El Fitr (end of Ramadan)
10th of Dhu Al Hijja: Aid El Adha (Commemoration of Abraham's sacrifice)

Pierre-Yann said...

That's a lot of holiday! What the average day of vacation in Japan?

In France, we have:
Public Holidays

1 January New Year's Day
1 May Labor Day
8 May WWII Victory day in Europe
14 July Bastille Day (
15 August Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
1 November All Saints Day
11 November Armistice Day (WWI)
25 December Christmas Day
26 December 2nd Day of Christmas (in Alsace and Moselle only)

And christian religious holiday based on lunar calendar:

Easter Friday (in Alsace and Moselle only)
Easter (always on sunday)
Easter Monday
Ascension (always on thursday)
Pentecost (always on sunday)
Pentecost Monday

And we have no substitue day.

And for me, as I work in Switzeland, I have less holiday (less religious holiday, no war won)

kayanon said...

amine>

Wow, that's amazing! lots of holidays!

so Islam is morocco's main religion, right? The religious holidays can be given for whole nation, morocco?

kayanon said...

pierr-yann>


The average long vacation in Japan is about 5 days in Golden week and 3-5 days on Obon, in the middle of summer.

It didn't know France and morrocco have religious holidays!

Bastille day is the day of France revolution?

Amine said...

Well, in Morocco, Islam is the religion for almost all moroccans, but still there are few jewish who are still living in Morocco

kayanon said...

amine>

I see. so religious holidays can be allowed only for Islams?

mktue said...

Who needs national holidays?
we have about 15 different kinds free days every year + about 2 months of summer holidays every summer + winter holidays

Pierre-Yann said...

Religious holiday are national in France. Most european state are similar, not a religous state but with national religious holiday.

The Bastille day is the national day in France. It was the start of the revolution (14/07/1789). On this day, it is one big military parade over the Champs-Elysées, in Paris

Anonymous said...

Wow, you have alot of holydays! :-) And all is a day off?
Nice to get monday off if it comes on a sunday.... we don't have it like that.
How many weeks of holyday is it normal to have in Japan during the year?

kayanon said...

mktue>

sounds a lot and long holidays? which country is that??

Amine said...

Well the muslim holidays are for everybody, since the majority of the population is Muslim. But Jewish people have also holidays according to their own beliefs, and they are allowed to get some days off during their religious holidays, even if everybody is working! That'stheir own right after all :)

kayanon said...

pierre-yann>

I see. I found there is no holidays about war in Japan which I hadn't noticed till you introduced national holidays in France.

kayanon said...

ragge>

Yes, all holidays I mentioned here are off.

Well, it is quite rare and difficult to take "weeks" holidays in Japan. People can have about 5 days holidays in Golden week basically.

kayanon said...

amine>

Thanks for your explanation. Now I understand.

Since most Japanese are not familiar with religion including me, it is interesting to hear the religious situation in other countries.

Kieran said...

Kayanon
typo in the first line. It says December and it should say October.
Best wishes
Kieran

kayanon said...

kieran>

god, i didn't notice. Thanks, kieran!

Anonymous said...

OK! So how about summer holyday? No full weeks? Here it is most usual to take three of five weeks in July.

kayanon said...

ragge>

No full weeks for workers except Obon(3days mainly). Of course, studetns have long spring, summer and winter vacation. I envy them a lot!

Holidays in Japan said...

National Holidays 2014
Public Holidays 2014
Bank Holidays 2014