Today, October 9th is a national holiday in Japan. Associated with the "holiday", I introduce all national holidays in Japan.
1.1st, Ganjitus (元日) / New Year’s Day.
Families and relatives gather and spend the day together wishing for good health and future by visiting or praying again Shrine.
The second Monday of January is Seijin no hi (成人の日) / Coming- of-age Day.
The day is a celebration day for people who become 20 years old.
2.11th, Kenkoku Kinenbi (建国記念日) / National Foundation Day.
This day is Japanese foundation day.
3.20th, Shunbun no hi (春分の日) / Vernal Equinox Day.
This day is the day for dead ancestors thinking of them and serve them rice cake and flowers.
4.29th, Midori no hi (緑の日) / Green Day.
This day is the birthday of Emperor, Showa passed away in 1989. People appreciate for the nature and its blessing.
5.3rd, Kenpou Kinenbi (憲法記念日) / Constitution Memorial Day.
This day is celebration day for operation of Japanese constitution.
5.4th, Kokumin no Kyujitsu (国民の休日) / National People’s Day.
When the day is between holidays, the day become a holiday.
5.5th, Kodomo no hi (こどもの日) / Children’s Day.
This day is a festival mainly for boys wishing for good future.
The third Monday of July is Umino hi (海の日) / Marine Day.
This is the day for blessing sea and wishing prosperity of Japan.
9.19th, Keirou no hi (敬老の日) / Respect-for-the Aged Day.
This is a day to respect aged people.
9.23rd, Shubun no hi (秋分の日) / Autumnal Equinox Day.
This day is similar to Vernal equinox Day thinking of dead ancestors.
The second Monday of October is Taiiku no hi (体育の日) / Sports Day.
This day was established associated with the day of Tokyo Olympic day. People do sports on this day.
11.3rd, Bunka no hi (文化の日) / Culture Day.
The day is celebration day to love freedom and peace wishing for development of culture.
11.23rd, Kinrou Kansha no hi (勤労感謝の日) / Labor Thankis-giving Day.
This day is the day respecting and appreciating all labors.
12.23rd, Tennou Tanjoubi (天皇誕生日) / Emperor’s Birthday.
The day is the current Emperor’s birthday.
* If a national holiday is on Sunday, Monday become a substitute day off, and more holidays people can get.
The days with Midori no hi(4/29), Kenpoukinenbi(5/3), Kokumin no Kyujitsu (5/4) and Kodomo no hi(5/5) are called Golden week. Besides, when Saturday and Sunday connect luckily, the Golden week get longer. People go back to parental home or go abroad using this long vacation all at once.
In addtion to Golden week, Bon(a Japanese Buddihist festival held annually in August to honour the dead. August 13th to 15th) can be long holidays. Bon is not a national holiday, but most companies are off in Bon.
These above are all national holidays in Japan. I think the number of national holidays is quite a lot compared with other countries. That’s why Japanese cannot take long vacations??